Although not an exact science, you can get a good idea what breed of chicken you have by looking at it’s comb. Use this chart to help you determine what breed you have.
Please be aware that cross breeding may result in a specific comb appearing to be on the wrong breed.
This chart may contain combs not shown in the Chicken Comb Types picture
|Comb Type||Description||Typical Breed|
|Buttercup||Like the single comb, the buttercup comb features points from front to back. However, the buttercup comb is shaped like a crown, with a single leading point at the top of the beak and two ridges of points forming an almost circular, cuplike pattern on the chicken’s head.This comb is typical of the Sicilian Buttercup breed.Consists of a single blade arising at the juncture of the head and beak rising up and slightly back to the cup shaped crown, set squarely on the center of the skull. The rim of the cup shall bear an evenly spaced circle of points and be closed at the back. Points emerging from the center of the cup are a serious defect,||Sicilian Buttercup|
|Carnations ( AKA King’s)||This unusual single comb has several lobes in the rear.||Penedesenca|
|Cushion||The cushion comb is round, small and solid, with no points or ridges. Starting at the upper portion of the beak, it extends a short way up the chicken’s head.A low, compact comb of relatively small size, it should be quite smooth, possess no depressions or no spikes and not extend beyond the mid point of the skull,||Chanteclers|
|Pea||The pea comb is a medium-size comb. It features three ridges running lengthwise from the top of the beak to the top of the head, with the middle ridge a bit higher than the others.A medium length, low comb, the top of which is marked with three low lengthwise ridges, the center one slightly higher than the outer ones, the top of which are either undulated or marked with small rounded serrations,||Araucanas/Americanas, Buff Brahmas, Dark Brahmas, Dark Cornish, Light Brahmas, Sumatras, White Laced Red Cornish|
|Rose||The rose comb is a fleshy, solid, tube-shaped comb that extends from the top of the beak to the back of the head, ending in a pointed spike. The front two-thirds of this comb is covered in small, round bumps.A solid, broad, nearly flat on top, low fleshly comb, terminating in a well developed tapering spike, which may turn upward as in Hamburgs; is nearly horizontal as in Rose Comb Leghorns; or follow the contour of the head in Wyandottes. Top surface of the main part should be slightly convex and studded with small rounded protuberances. General shape varies in different breedsThere are also “Rose Comb” breeds of Leghorns, Black and White Minorcas, Rhode Island Reds and Rhode Island Whites.||Blue Laced Red Wyandotte, Columbian Wyandottes, Dominiques, Golden Penciled Hamburgs, Golden Laced Wyandottes, Red Caps, Rose Comb Brown Leghorns, Silver Laced Wyandottes, Sebrights|
|Single||The single comb is probably the most widely-recognized type of chicken comb in the United States, as it appears both on a large number of U.S. breeds and also in cartoons and artwork featuring chickens.The single comb is attached to the chicken’s skull in a straight line from the beginning of the beak to the back of the head. It features a series of 5-6 fleshy ridges called points from the front to the center and a thicker potion called the blade in the back. Its texture is smooth and soft.While most single combs are rigidly upright, in some breeds, the comb will flop over to hang on one side of the chicken’s head. This is often more typical of hens.A moderately thin, fleshy formation of smooth soft surface texture, firmly attached from the beak along the top of skull with a strong base, the top portion showing five or six rather deep serrations or distinct points, the middle points being higher than the anterior or posterior, forming a semi-oval when viewed in profile. The comb always erect and much larger and thicker in male than female; may be lopped or erect in female, depending on breed. The comb is divided into three sections, the front or anterior, the middle, and that extending past the rear base of the skull, the posterior or blade,||Anconas, Barred Rocks, Black Australorps, Black Cochins, Black Giants, Black Langshan, Black Minorcas, Black Star, Blue Andalusians, Blue Cochins, Buff Cochins, Buff Minorcas, Buff Orpingtons, Buff Rocks, Cornish Roaster, Cuckoo Maran, Delaware, Egyptian Fayoumis, Golden Campines, Jumbo Cornish X Rocks, Lakenvelders, Modern BB Red Games, New Hampshire Reds, Partridge Cochins, Partridge Rocks, The Pearl-White Leghorn, Phoenix, Red Leghorns, Red Star, Rhode Island Reds, Salmon Faverolles, Silver Gray Dorkings, Silver Leghorns, Silver Penciled Rocks, Silver Laced Cochins, Single Comb Brown Leghorns, Speckled Sussex, Turkens – Naked Necks, White Faced Black Spanish, White Cochins, White Giants, White Langshan, White Orpingtons, White Rocks|
|Silkie||The silkie comb is an almost round, somewhat lumpy comb. Its width is usually greater than its length. It is covered with small, horizontal corrugations, with a narrow indentation crossing the comb perpendicularly near the chicken’s beak.Sometimes a silkie comb will have two or three rear points. As the breeds of chicken displaying a silkie comb also have feathery crests on their heads, the points will usually be hidden.Genetically, the silkie comb is said to be a second type of rose comb. It was first developed from a rose comb bird crossed with a bird bred from a single comb x rose comb pair. Not surprisingly, some Silkie chickens sport silkie combs.An almost round, somewhat lumpy comb, inclined to be greater in width than length; covered with small corrugations on top and crossed with a narrow, transverse indentation slightly to front of the middle of comb. Sometimes two or three small rear points hidden by crest, others without points. Generally considered to be genetically a rose comb, changed by rose comb plus crest.||Silkie|
|Strawberry||The strawberry comb is similar in size and shape to the cushion comb. Unlike the cushion comb, however, a strawberry comb has a bumpy, rough surface, similar to the outer texture of a strawberry fruit.A low set, compact comb of somewhat egg shape with the larger portion forward and the rear extending no further than the midpoint of the skull,||Malays and Yokohamas|
|Walnut||The walnut comb is a medium-sized, solid comb. It gets its name from the characteristic furrowing on its surface, similar to the outer appearance of a walnut shell.The walnut comb was genetically derived from two dominant alleles for the rose and pea combs. Walnut combs are also typical of Silkie chickens.A solid, moderately broad comb resulting from the combination of two dominant alleles for the Rose (R) and Pea (P) comb, with a surface that shows some furrowing reminiscent of a walnut half.|
|V-shaped||The V-shaped comb consists of two thick points extending to the left and the right, perpendicularly from a singular base at the top of a chicken’s beak.Other names for the V-shaped comb are the “V comb,” the “horn comb,” and the “antler comb.”A comb formed of two well defined, hornlike sections joined at their base||Crevecoeurs, Houdans, La Flèche, Polish, and Sultans. Buff Laced Polish, Golden Polish, Mottled Houdans, Silver Polish, Sultans, White Crested Black Polish, White Polish|
This post has been viewed 30712 times!